FiberForce 650 is a synthetic macrofiber developed from a specific blend of polypropylene and polyethylene resins that possess unique engineering properties. Defined as a tape or ribbon fiber, FiberForce 650 has a rectangular cross-section and has been mechanically embossed to enhance bonding. The physical dimensions of FiberForce 650 are critical to the performance, as measured by ASTM C1399 and C1609. FiberForce 650 has excellent distribution and finishing properties.
Truck Mixed (Dry Batched) Concrete
- Post-Loading (i.e. Tail Loading): FiberForce [550, 600, 650, 750] fiber reinforcement is pre-packaged in degradable bags. The bags can be added after all the standard ingredients have been thoroughly mixed with the truck drum revolving at mixing speed. This typically occurs from the ready mixed concrete producers permanent scaffolding, a.k.a. “slump rack.” One common method for post-loading (tail loading) is for the driver to gather the required number of bags for the truck at the slump rack. Then back the concrete up to the point of discharge and add the bags of fibers to the mix. Once all fibers are added, start the drum and follow the mixing procedures outlined below. This helps to eliminate miscounting of the number of bags added to the truck.
- Preloading: For truck-mixed concrete, the bags can be added into empty truck drums at the ready-mix plant followed by the coarse and fine aggregate, 1/3 to ½ of the mixing water, and then the remaining constituents so that the coarse aggregate can help break up the fiber. It is discouraged to add the fibers simultaneously with the cementitious constituents because the cement may coat the bags delaying their breakdown and delaying distribution of the fibers.
Central Mixed (Wet Batched) Concrete
- Loading: It is typically recommended to post-load (tail load) the fibers after the concrete has been discharged into the truck because typical central mix plant configurations will limit the opportunity to add the fibers directly to the central mix drum. Please refer to dry batch concrete loading options above. If there is an opportunity to add fibers into the central mix drum, please consult with your FiberForce Technical Sales Manager for the best mixing procedures for your project.
Special Note: FiberForce offers the Acubatch Fiber Dispenser™ to dispense synthetic fibers accurately and seamlessly into both truck mixed and central mixed concrete. Click here for more information or contact your Technical Sales Manager.
When fibers are added directly to the truck (either preloading or post-loading), mix for 5 minutes at full charging speed (75-100 revolutions) to ensure complete, uniform fiber dispersion. Slower agitation speeds during transport to the site are insufficient for proper fiber dispersion and should not be counted toward the fiber mixing time.
If fibers are added to central-mix drum, please discuss the appropriate mixing cycle length with your FiberForce Technical Sales Manager.
Whether truck mixed or central mixed, check each truck for full dispersion of fibers prior to placement. If it appears that the fibers are balling, additional mixing at charge speed can help break up fiber balls.
Common causes of fiber balling:
- Truck drums with significantly worn-down blades have been used.
- The mixture is harsh with a high volume of coarse aggregate (more than 55% of the total combined aggregate by absolute volume) and not enough mortar.
- High volume percentages of macro synthetic fibers ( >0.33%) by volume have been used without compensating for the increased paste demand. FiberForce recommends the use of pre-construction trial mixes and the addition of a mid- to high-range water reducing admixture. Additional water should not be added as this could adversely affect the hardened concrete properties. For more information on adjusting the mix design of FRC, please see the Technical Bulletin titled “Mixture Proportioning for FRC”